In addition to being among the dust and generating all kinds of allergies, mites are small microorganisms that invade the skin and fur of dogs, which can cause different diseases. These small parasites, which usually measure less than a millimeter, can feed on blood or skin remains of the animal in which they ‘host’, which cause intense itching and deep discomfort.
However, precautions should be taken in the face of the slightest symptom of infection since, in addition to being very contagious, there are mites that can affect both the dog and the humans that live with him at home. It may be the case of ticks, which are larger.
That is, if our pet has these microscopic animals running through his body it is possible that we also end up having them. That is why, although in the vast majority of cases these problems usually have an easy solution, you should go as soon as possible to the trusted veterinarian to end the problem and not aggravate the situation.
What are the most frequent mites?
There are many kinds of mites that can affect animals – and even humans -, causing skin diseases as annoying as cumbersome. The most common microorganisms in dogs are those that produce scabies, especially sarcoptic mange, the most common, produced by the Sarcoptes mite. It is a disease that is easily spread by contact with other dogs or elements that are infected. That is, a simple walk through the park could trigger the problem. Dogs are allergic to their saliva and excrement and, therefore, begin to scratch and bite with force until they cause serious wounds, inflammations, redness, hair loss…
Another of the most frequent infections is that produced by the Otodectes cynotis, known as the mite of the ear. In addition to being very common, both in dogs and cats, this condition is easily recognizable and very contagious, so a brief contact with another dog with these parasites may be enough to generate an infection.
If the dog scratches his ear and tilts his head more than usual, as a clear sign of desperation, it is likely that this is the mite, which causes a black wax to appear in the ear. If not remedied, the problem can be aggravated, causing local hemorrhages, bacterial infections and even perforations of the eardrum that can extend to the brain.
How are they treated?
Before the minimum suspicion, it is necessary to go quickly to the veterinarian, who will recommend us the most suitable method of action. Generally, all parasitic diseases in pets are treated with insecticides. In the case of sarcoptic mange, the treatment is carried out with a combination of acaricide shampoo and medications, with ivermectin and amitraz being the most common.
As for the parasites in the ears, although currently in the pet shops are available numerous products to treat this condition, it is imperative that the veterinarian is responsible for recommending which is the best to attack the infection. However, to prevent dog ear mites in this sensitive area you can take a series of measures, such as cleaning the ears of the dog periodically and frequently wash your bed and accessories.