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7 Common Dog Health Issues and Ways to Treat Them

If you’re like most dog owners, finding ways to make everyday life easier and more enjoyable for your pet is your number one priority.

After all, a dog is a man’s best friend, and in order to keep yours happy and in good health, educating yourself about potential health problems they are likely to suffer is vital in preventing them.

This is why seeking solutions for issues your dog’s breed is genetically predisposed to is of such great importance.

Once an issue does occur, you’ll be better prepared to deal with the situation at hand and offer your four-legged friend the best care possible. From helping your pup fight dog conjunctivitis to taking preventative steps in order to ward off canine obesity, here are seven common dog health issues and ways to treat them.

Dental Issues

While this is a health problem that often gets overlooked, dental diseases in dogs are a cause for concern. Not only does a dental issue prevent your pup from properly functioning by damaging their gums and teeth and causing general discomfort, but it also affects their overall health. Oftentimes, the bacteria that’s built up in your puppy’s mouth in the form of tartar and plaque can end up in their bloodstream. What this can do is it can wreak havoc on your dog’s vital organs such as kidneys and heart.

To make matters worse, dental issues such as periodontitis can go unnoticed for quite some time. This condition is rather silent, and the dogs suffering from it will continue to eat despite having it. This is why regular checks are vital. Keeping your eyes peeled for the symptoms can prevent the disease from progressing, and these include bad breath, loose teeth, teeth discoloration, bleeding and inflammation of the gums, and so on.

Ear Infections

Toothache and teeth-related diseases are quite common dog health issues, and the same goes for ear infections. Any breed can suffer from ear-related health problems, but certain breeds are more prone to ear infections. This is especially true for Cocker Spaniel and Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, since they both have long, floppy ears. While this distinctive feature helps them stand out, it makes them an easy target for bacteria and yeast.

The moisture that’s retained in the hair covering the ear canals ensures a perfect breeding ground for them. Also, any wax that builds up will help the bacteria thrive. However, you should avoid cleaning your dog’s ears excessively – this might be doing more harm than good. Because untreated ear infections can cause paralysis and deafness, it’s vital that you address the problem in a timely manner. Common symptoms include ear discharges and odor, ear redness, and head shaking, along with pain and itchiness.

Eye Problems

Having something as precious as sight affected and even compromised is a serious issue that requires a quick response from the dog owner. This is especially true in the case of conjunctivitis, often referred to as pink eye.

A sign of infection or allergic reaction, conjunctivitis is a condition that is highly contagious in some cases. This only highlights the importance of hygiene and proper handling. It’s often followed by eye discharge which is yellow or green in color, along with redness in the whites of the eye. Your dog may also be squinting, keeping their eye closed, or rubbing it. According to pet experts at Petz Park, addressing the condition early on can prevent the symptoms from increasing in severity. Contact a vet as soon as you notice these changes. Also, wash your hands often to help prevent the infection from spreading.

Skin Issues

Another common dog health issue to keep in mind is related to skin problems. While dog scratching and chewing is normal to some degree, when it becomes more compulsive, it might be a sign of an underlying skin issue. A dog that is itching a lot might be suffering from an allergy, parasites, and skin infections, so providing the right treatment is important.

Oftentimes, the skin in affected pups will become dry, scaly, and flaky, and may also appear red and inflamed. If they’re missing patches of hair, this may also be a sign of skin issues, so it’s better that you visit a vet sooner rather than later.

Parasites

It’s impossible not to mention parasites when talking about common dog issues. Canine parasites are the main culprit behind a number of issues, including malnutrition, anemia, weight loss, and even stunted growth. Some of them may even affect humans, along with making our four-legged friends sick.

Fleas and ticks are most widely known external parasites affecting canines, but there are also lice, scabies, and ear mites. As for internal ones, there are tapeworms, heartworms, hookworms, roundworms, and so on. While parasite infestations can happen to any breed at any age, they’re more typical in puppies. This is due to their immune system which is underdeveloped, which makes them particularly susceptible to parasites. Giving your pup preventative treatments on a monthly basis along with learning how to remove a tick properly will go a long way in keeping parasites at bay and your pup healthy.

Arthritis

As our dogs age, their likelihood of suffering from particular age-related conditions increases. One of these conditions is canine arthritis, a disease that affects one in five dogs. It’s common in senior dogs, who often display symptoms such as difficulty walking or going up and down the stairs.

If your dog gets diagnosed, your vet will recommend several treatment methods. These may include everything from using natural supplements such as glucosamine and CBD oil to physical therapy and medications such as NSAIDs.

Obesity

While many canine diseases are something dogs are genetically predisposed to, certain conditions such as obesity are the ones that are preventable and reversible. Overfeeding is usually the main culprit behind this common health condition, but lack of exercise is also to blame for dogs accumulating excess weight. That said, there are instances in which the dog’s underlying health condition such as hyperadrenocorticism and hypothyroidism is what’s causing canine obesity.

Prevention is the best cure, though. Therefore, look for ways to ensure your dog has a balanced diet, and provide plenty of opportunities for physical activity. This is especially true if you own a Golden or Labrador Retriever, Daschund, Pug, or Beagle, all of which are more prone to developing obesity.

Proper canine care starts with ensuring optimal health

Offering our pups the love and care they deserve is enough to make their lives happier and more fulfilling. Because taking good care of your pet also means caring for their health, learning which conditions and issues are the most common is vital. The more information on your pet’s health you gather, the better you’ll be prepared for dealing with these issues should they arise.

References

https://www.pdsa.org.uk/pet-help-and-advice/pet-health-hub/conditions/tooth-and-gum-disease-in-dogs

https://www.lakecross.com/site/blog-huntersville-vet/2020/07/22/periodontal-disease-dogs-symptoms-treatment

https://www.petmd.com/dog/general-health/7-common-puppy-illnesses-and-how-to-protect

https://www.thesprucepets.com/common-dog-health-problems-1117863

https://manpharma.ph/2022/09/13/the-7-common-canine-diseases-and-how-to-treat-them/

https://gingercavalier.com/blog/glucosamine-safe-treatment-dog-arthritis/

https://www.petmd.com/dog/general-health/evr_dg_eye_problems_in_dogs

www.doncastervet.com.au/pet-advice/common-dog-eye-problems-you-should-be-aware-of

https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/dealing-with-canine-arthritis

https://www.petmd.com/dog/conditions/digestive/obesity-dogs

Originally posted 2023-03-09 16:56:13. Republished by Blog Post Promoter

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